Rebuilding for the Better Philippines
₱4.8-Billio New Panglao, Bohol Airport. Source: PPP.Gov.Ph
The Philippine government is inviting Japanese contractors to join the bidding for the ₱4.8-billion contract to build a new airport in Panglao Island, Bohol, a project funded by the Japanese government.
There will be a single-stage bidding procedure for the New Bohol Airport Construction and Sustainable Environment Protection Project such that there will be no pre-qualification stage.
But the Department of Transportation and Communications (DoTC) stressed that only Japanese contractors are eligible as prime contractor for the project and Filipinos or other nationalities can be eligible as sub-contractors.
The project, funded through a loan from the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), covers the construction of passenger terminal building, control tower, fire station, drivers' lounge, car parks, guard house, toll booths, utility and navigational aids buildings, access roads and airport infrastructure including runway strip and taxiways.
It also covers the supply and installation of water and power supply system, sewage treatment system, air navigation facilities, and aeronautical ground lighting.
Interested bidders can purchase the bid documents for $1,000. A pre-bidding conference is set on January 6 while the deadline for submission of bids is set on March 3.
The new international airport in Bohol is soon to rise in a 216-hectare land in Panglao Island and will replace the old Tagbilaran Airport.
Representatives of JICA and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines signed the official development assistance loan agreement for the New Bohol Airport Construction and Sustainable Environment Protection Project last March 27.
According to JICA, the airport construction will be using Japanese environmental conservation technologies due to the conditions of the Japan-tied procurement.
"Under the concept of 'an eco airport,' the project will construct a new environmentally friendly airport using advanced Japanese technology, including a photovoltaic power generation system and geotextile sheets in the soaking yard to prevent airport drainage water from polluting the surrounding environment during construction," JICA said in its website http://www.jica.go.jp.
JICA said the completion of the project expected by June 2016. "After the construction is completed, technical assistance will be provided for environmental protection to avoid a negative impact to the natural environment caused by the increase in tourists," JICA added. – Manila Bulletin
Global Jubilee call for cancellation of World Bank $60 Billion Philippines’ debt part extravagant Marcos era’s $132 billion loan
A view of the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) in Morong, Bataan, north of Manila.The U.S.-built plant, completed in 1984, sits on an earthquake fault line and has never generated electricity. Photo March 17, 2011. REUTERS/Erik de Castro
Aid agencies call for cancellation of Philippines' foreign debts
LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Lenders should cancel the Philippines' international debt of $60 billion to help the country pay for work needed to recover from Typhoon Haiyan and prepare for future emergencies, Christian Aid said on Thursday, a view echoed by other aid agencies.
The Philippines pays its international lenders nearly $22 million a day in interest, so has paid more than $550 million since Typhoon Haiyan struck nearly one month ago, Christian Aid said in a statement.
Repayments of debt and interest on loans amassed over 40 years, including the extravagant Marcos era, total some $132 billion, it said.
The president of the Freedom from Debt Coalition, Ricardo Reyes, agreed with the call, saying he believed that "justice for the Filipino people demands debt cancellation, especially the illegitimate debts, which are odious, onerous, illegal, violate human rights, harmful to the people, environment and climate, and bereft of institutional processes and the consent of the people."
"Climate justice demands reparations to enable the Philippines to develop resilience to climate change and compensation for losses and damages," he added.
"International lenders should put life before debt and cancel the Philippines' foreign debt obligations as a matter of urgency, " the director of Jubilee Debt Campaign, Sarah-Jayne Clifton, said. "The Philippines urgently needs funding for relief and reconstruction efforts, as well as to adapt to the unavoidable impacts of climate change and support communities who live in areas that are beyond adaptation," Clifton added.
Reconstruction costs after Typhoon Haiyan, which killed more than 5,600 people and wrecked more than a million homes, are estimated at between $6.5 billion and $15 billion. The World Bank and the Asian Development Bank have announced a total of $1 billion in loans for rebuilding.
An IMF country report published in April said that one-fifth of the country's yearly revenue goes on debt servicing.
"The Philippines is prone to natural disasters such as typhoons and earthquakes. Debts that should have been cancelled years ago are limiting the country's capacity to respond and prepare for future emergencies. Action on this is clearly needed before any new debts are added," said Christian Aid's senior economic justice adviser, Joseph Stead.
The Jubilee Debt Campaign, Freedom from Debt Coalition, Jubilee South (Asia) and Christian Aid have launched a petition calling on lenders such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank to cancel the Philippines' debt.
The campaigners say the Philippines has not derived much benefit from its sizeable loans. In one case, they say, loans were taken for a nuclear power plant, but the U.S. builder sited it on an earthquake fault line near a volcano, and it never generated any electricity.
The Philippines was excluded from the global Jubilee movement, a campaign for the cancellation or repudiation of developing country debts, as it was considered to be too rich.
There were 16 million malnourished people in the Philippines in 2011, according to an FAO report.
The campaign resulted in the cancellation of $130 billion of debt, most of it owed by African countries. –Thomson Reuters Foundation
BIR Kim Henares KNOCKED DOWN by Paquiao for 1 round blow in DOJ ring fight; Dead’s Bank Accounts would be TAX in revenge
BIR Kim Henares versus Manny Pacquiao and the People of the Philippines. Obviously, Kim Henares got knocked down by just first round in DOJ ring fight.Besides the living, BIR now going after the dead to boost tax collection
The Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) is set to look into the bank accounts of dead people to reach their target collection goal of ₱50 billion by 2016.
BIR Commissioner Kim Henares said they will take advantage of a loophole in the Bank Secrecy Law to check taxable inheritance and boost estate tax collections from about P1 billion a year to an average of ₱12.5 billion.
An estate tax is a tax on the right of any given deceased person to transmit wealth to heirs. It is imposed on a given heir's inherited estate or assets if the value of the estate exceeds an exclusion limit set by law.
Republic Act 1405 or the Philippine Law on the Secrecy of Bank Deposits meanwhile states that accounts cannot be disclosed by banks and may not be examined except upon written permission of the depositor or if the money involved is the subject of litigation. Henares explained that bank accounts owned by the deceased are not protected by the law on bank secrecy because obviously, they have passed away. Heirs of the deceased can claim to enjoy bank secrecy either because technically, they don't own the assets of their deceased relative yet.
"The BIR wants everyone to become rich, so that we can collect more taxes. If you die, and you're rich, you pay more estate tax," Henares said.
Finance Secretary Cesar Purisma meanwhile said the low, static level of current estate tax collections contradicts rising property and stock prices.
Purisima also urged inheritors to amend their estate tax declaration and payments before they are caught. The government is set to investigate estate tax payments over the last five years he said.
BIR Kim Henares versus Manny Pacquiao and the People of the Philippines
Obviously, Kim Henares got knock down by just first round in DOJ ring fight.
DOJ junks tax case vs Pacquiao
The Department of Justice (DOJ) has junked the case filed by the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) against boxing champion and Sarangani Rep. Manny Pacquiao.
In an eight-page resolution, the DOJ called it absurd to hold Pacquiao liable for neglecting to obey a BIR subpoena which he did not receive at all.
The DOJ agreed with the respondent that there was no valid service of the subpoena duces tecum upon him.
The Justice Department said the allegation of BIR Officer, Abdul Jalil J. Taratingan, that he personally delivered the subpoena in General Santos City, received by a certain Jocelyn Nebria, is contrary to Revenue Memorandum Order No. 88-2010 which requires for a personal service to the person being summoned.
"It is only upon refusal of the person being summoned to receive the subpoena that a substituted service can be availed," said the DOJ.
The DOJ ruled that since there was no refusal on the part of Pacquiao to receive the subpoena, the BIR case is irregular and ineffectual.
"The service of summons is, indeed, a vital and indispensable ingredient of due process. Such denial of respondent's vital right constitutes a serious infirmity in the proceedings which led to the filing of this case against him," the DOJ said in its resolution.
Pacquiao's legal counsel, Atty. Abraham G. Espejo, expressed his gratitude to the DOJ.
"Congressman Pacquiao is and will continue to be a law abiding Filipino citizen," said Espejo.
The BIR has accused Pacquiao of violating Section 266 of Republic Act 8424, otherwise known as the National Internal Revenue Code of the Philippines.
BIR regional director Rozil Lozares claimed that Pacquiao snubbed the bureau's summons to present his tax records to the agency. - ANC and ABS-CBN News
US Embassy cable leaked by WikiLeaks- Philippine Senator Juan Ponce Enrile - a smuggling, gambling, logging king. Photo: ABS-CBN
Senator Miriam Defensor Santiago's privileged speech narrate the data from US Embassy data cable exposed by the Wikileaks mentioned Juan Ponce Enrile, a very long serving Politician in the Philippines is a Smuggle, Gambler and illegal logger business operator.
Philippines is employing law makers, law breaker in the senate, are we paying criminals? Read ABS-CBN report…
JPE a smuggling, gambling, logging king?
Is Senate Minority Leader Juan Ponce Enrile involved in smuggling, illegal gambling and illegal logging?
Senator Miriam Defensor Santiago accused Enrile of these crimes during her privilege speech in the Senate.
Santiago said Enrile authored Republic Act No. 7922, creating the Cagayan Economic Zone Authority or CEZA, while he was still congressman of Cagayan.
Section 6 para (f) gives to CEZA the right "to operate . . . tourism-related activities, including games, amusements, recreational and sports facilities such as horse-racing, dog racing, gambling casinos, golf courses, and others, under priorities and standards set by CEZA."
Santiago said the free port occupies 441,000 hectares, an area almost three times the size of Quezon City. She said Enrile claimed that the port would become the hub in Southeast Asia of interactive gaming, shipping, and ecotourism.
However, she noted that the Port Irene CEO is Enrile's relative Jose Mari Ponce while Enrile's "representative" in the port is his son-in-law, James Kocher.
She said former US Ambassador Kristie Kenney described Kocher, who is American, as someone who "runs an auto import operation in the port, and is suspected of involvement in smuggling."
A US Embassy Cable leaked on Wikileaks said Enrile even presided at a Senate hearing "and indulged himself by repeatedly and fiercely shouting at representatives of the Joint Foreign Chambers of Commerce, because the foreign businessmen had complained about smuggling in Port Irene."
Santiago said CEZA continued importations of used cars in violation of Executive Order No. 156 issued by President Arroyo in 2002.
She also said CEZA operates online gaming outside the jurisdiction of the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation.
"The Cagayan ecozone is the only ecozone in the country that is allowed by the Enrile law to host and issue online gambling licenses to offshore companies. Such foreigners are not required to live in our country, or to incorporate as Philippine company. They only need an interactive gaming licensee and to register as a CEZA enterprise," she said.
She said Jesus Disini, president of the Internet and Society Program of the U.P. college of law, has already warned that CEZA should exercise due diligence in giving out licenses, which may be exploited by unscrupulous entities.
She quoted Disini as saying that CEZA might unwittingly give these companies the legitimacy to operate legally. – ABS-CBN News
Untold history of Russia: Guiuan a typhoon devastated Visayas Island was a home of 6,300 white Russian refugees fleeing the Communist forces of Mao Zedong
Untold History of Russia links to the Visayas Island of the Philippines. Photo credit: independent.co.uk
Tubabao, Guiuan (pronounced as "Ghi-wan" or "Gee- One") devastation opened the untold part of Russian history that links the Philippines' Visayas Island for the 1949's Mao's communist forces approaching Shanghai China which was once the home of the white Russian refugees who flee aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution.
It was not only for Israel's untold story who survived from the Nasi Germany holocaust by fleeing to the very welcoming Philippines for refuge but also the untold stories of more than the number of the Israel refugees in the Philippines with a six times fold or 6,300 white Russian refugees to the Philippine sin 1949 given a safe place to the Visayas Island in the Philippines.
When the International Refugee Organization, established to tackle the displacement crisis caused by the war; like how the country welcomed the Jewish refugees, the Philippines is the first country to open for white Russian refugees then slowly, various other nations stepped forward to accept the refugees on a permanent basis and the White Russians were scattered, especially to the US, Australia, and South America.
How many more untold stories being kept by the more than 7,000 islands in the Philippines, let's wait for more highlighting events to come.
A forgotten episode in Russian history leaves links with the Philippines
Guiuan was central to a remarkable part of the Cold War
One evening a couple of weeks ago, beneath a cavernous sky, I stood on the edge of a 7,000ft airstrip in the Philippines peering into the darkness. The airfield at Guiuan, built by American forces during the Second World War as part of General Douglas MacArthur's operation to drive the Japanese from the Philippines, was now being used by US troops to land emergency supplies for the town devastated by Typhoon Haiyan and to evacuate the injured and sick.
The Americans overseeing the supply drops were tickled by the idea of history retracing itself more than six decades on. But it was something that an aid official had said a couple of days earlier that had me entranced; a few years after the war's conclusion, the official said, the airstrip had been used for a dramatic evacuation of White Russian refugees, fleeing the Communist forces of Mao Zedong.
It all seemed too fanciful. And yet, it transpires, the official was correct: the town of Guiuan, where officials say 100 per cent of buildings were either damaged or destroyed, was central to a remarkable tale of the Cold War that has now been forgotten.
In 1949, with Mao's forces approaching Shanghai, an appeal was made by the International Refugee Organisation, established to tackle the displacement crisis caused by the war. It wanted new homes for thousands of White Russians, those people who had emigrated from Russia in the aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution and whose lives were now in danger from the Communists.
Only one country responded positively. And so it was that more than 5,000 White Russians, under the care of John Maximovitch, the Orthodox Archbishop of Shanghai who would later be canonised, were taken to the island of Tubabao, located off the coast of Guiuan.
"There are many variances as to how many took refuge here but the most accurate approximation runs to some 6,300," Ricardo Suarez Soler, the Manila-based author of The Saga of the White Russian Refugees in the Philippines, told me.
An advance party of White Russian boy scouts was apparently flown to Guiuan to prepare an area on Tubabao for the tent city the thousands of refugees would call home, hacking away at the sugar cane with machetes. Most came in ageing, listing boats, reportedly crewed by Chinese former prisoners, on a journey that took between one to two weeks. When they got there, the refugees were given food and supplies deemed surplus to the needs of the Americans.
One of those who made the journey was Nikita Gileff. Now a retired school principal in Australia, Mr Gileff was seven when he and his mother landed at Tubabao.
"It is part of history that appears to have been lost," said Mr Gileff, speaking from Sydney. "We came ashore in the same landing craft that had been left behind by the Americans."
Gradually, various nations stepped forward to accept the refugees on a permanent basis and the White Russians were scattered, especially to the US, Australia, and South America.
But the bond between Guiuan and its former residents has remained strong. Four years ago, the then mayor of the town issued an invitation to White Russians to visit and a number took up her offer.
Alexander Vassilief, whose family also escaped from China, said his late grandmother, Yefrasinya Vajinsky, along with two aunts and three uncles, spent time on Tubabao. "Most did not complain," said Mr Vassilief, a retired engineer who also lives in Sydney and has written his own chronicle of the events.
Indeed, last month, as the extent of the damage wrought upon Guiuan by the storm became clear, Russian communities around the world sent messages of support and held fund-raising events.
Nikolai Massenkoff was 10 when he and his mother were evacuated to Tubabao. Today he lives in California where he is a celebrated performer of traditional Russian songs. Having been unable to take up the invitation from Guiuan's mayor in 2009, he instead travelled there in 2011 and performed a thank-you concert. He is now planning a series of fund-raising events and a documentary containing footage of his 2011 concert is to be shown at a Philippines fiesta later this month in San Francisco.
"The people of the Philippines were warm and kind and gentle. They were the only place that could offer the refugees a place at short notice," recalled the 74-year-old. "The whole Russian community has been deeply saddened by the tragic events."
During their time on Tubabao, the refugees built several chapels. None remains today. However in September, six weeks before Typhoon Haiyan, a small group of Orthodox pilgrims visited Tubabao where a shelter had been constructed to hold the first such service there for more than 60 years. The Orthodox priest who performed the liturgy, Father Seraphim Bell, an American citizen, said local people had been friendly and welcoming. "Members of the local community expressed hopes Russians would return for pilgrimages to Tubabao and the chapel there," he said.
With story published in The Independent
Ambassador Tago (center) lead the ribbon cutting ceremony along with Otham Al Zamil, director for operations and fire service, and Ali Al Rashid, airport manager for terminal operations. (Philippine Embassy photo)
Return of Philippine Airlines flights to KSA get positive response
The resumption of the Philippine Airlines' Manila-Riyadh and Manila-Dammam flights has received positive response, with most flights in December 2013 already fully booked, the Philippine Embassy said in a press statement.
"We are very happy to welcome the Philippine Airlines back to Saudi Arabia, with today's flights to and from Riyadh and on 3 December to and from Dhahran," the statement quoted Ambassador Ezzedin H. Tago as saying on Sunday during the ceremonial ribbon cutting of the Philippine carrier's return.
Tago, together with PAL and Saudi immigration officials, was at Terminal 1 of the King Khalid International Airport on Sunday to welcome the passengers and the crew onboard the first PAL flight non-stop Manila-Riyadh-Manila on Sunday.
He led the ribbon cutting ceremony along with Otham Al Zamil, director for operations and fire service, and Ali Al Rashid, airport manager for terminal operations.
The twin-engine Airbus 330-300 with flight number PR 564 was operated by Captain Jose Reginald David, assisted by Captain Ruel V. Isaac and Second Officer Erik Lee Isaac landed at KKIA at 2:01PM carrying 376 passengers from Manila.
The return flight of PR 655 was fully booked with 391 passengers and departed at 3 p.m. Sunday.
Gusto mong magkaroon ng sariling website, 14 personal email addresses at ₱50 per month? Ask how! Email info @ somosotech.com
On Tuesday, PAL will make its inaugural flight at the King Fahd International Airport in Dammam, Eastern Province.
PAL first started flying to and from Saudi Arabia on July 3, 1982, landing in Dhahran International Airport and eventually had flights to and from Riyadh, Dammam and Jeddah until 2001 when the airlines was hit by a crippling pilots' and ground crew strike.
Filipinos in the western side of the Kingdom, meanwhile, are asking why PAL has not restored its Manila-Jeddah-Manila flight.
PAL has yet to issue a statement on the matter, but industry sources say the airline did not get sufficient booking for the year, unlike in Riyadh and Dammam.
Ambassador Tago said he was hoping that the return of the Philippine Airlines to the Kingdom "will restore further interest in the Philippines among Saudi tourists and provide a more familiar travel option to our kababayans (nationals) in Saudi Arabia."
Tourism to the Philippines from Saudi Arabia has increased steadily over the past three years, with the Philippines increasing its tourism promotion activities in the Gulf region and specially Saudi Arabia.
Flights from Riyadh will leave every Sunday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday at 1:30 p.m. The flights from Dammam will leave every Monday, Tuesday and Saturday.
PAL's general services agent in Riyadh is Al-Tayyar Travel, while it is Kanoo Travel in Dammam.
Founded in 1941, PAL is Asia's oldest commercial airline and it was one of Asia's biggest until the 1997 Asian financial crisis forced it to drastically slash its international operations, reducing its fleet and laying off thousands of employees.
For fast web hosting needs at ₱174per month all unlimited? Visit www.SOMOSOTECH.com
In 1998, it had to be placed under receivership, which it eventually exited in 2007 after its financial stability was ensured.
With the takeover of PAL by San Miguel Corporation, one of the Philippines' biggest companies, industry watchers are predicting an eventual return of the flag carrier to its old glory. – The Arab News
First President of “Talaga Republic” National Hero Andres Bonifacio, not Francisco Dagohoy of Bohol Republic? Philippine History Correction
February 8, 1897 issue of the La Ilusraction Española y America, an article on the Philippine Revolution appeared, accompanied by a portrait of Bonifacio in a black suit and white tie, with the caption 'Andres Bonifacio/Titulado (Presidente) de la Republica Tagala,'
According to the Philippines historians, the first ever dirtiest politics happened in the Philippines was happened during the time of Emilio Aguinaldo "Biak na Bato Presidency" (October 1897)" where the brutal killings of Gat Andres Bonificio and his brother Procopio under Emilio Aguinaldo's Assassination order.
Emilio Aguinaldo's fear was the powerful nationalistic rebellion led by Gat Andres Bonifacio against the Spain Government that could topple his power so he ordered the assassination of Bonifacio.
The only information written in the Philippine history about Gat Andres Bonifacio was Katipunan movement which sought the independence of the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Manila Revolution on July 7, 1898, the second successful revolution after the first successful revolution in Bohol.
The First Philippine revolution was started by a Boholano hero Francisco Dagohoy on 1744, and successfully established Bohol Republic on December 20, 1745 with at least 3,000 followers, which subsequently increased to 20,000. His followers remained unsubdued in their mountains stronghold and, even after Dagohoy's death, continued to defy Spanish power .
While La Ilusraction Española y America, an article on the Philippine Revolution recognized Gat Andres Bonifacio's government of "Republica Tagala", Emilio Aguinaldo hides it and refused to recognize it and recognized only his government as Malolos Republic on 1869.
Kataas-taasan, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng̃ mg̃á Anak ng̃ Bayan (KKK) or Katipunan was founded July 7, 1892. 4 years after the foundation of the KKK, "Republica Tagala" was established on August 24, 1896 "until his tragic death of Gat Andres Bonifacio on May 10, 1897.
Who could be the First Philippine President? You must be the judge.
According to the history, the First Philippine revolution was started by a Boholano hero Francisco Dagohoy on 1744, and successfully established Bohol Republic on December 20, 1745 with at least 3,000 followers, which subsequently increased to 20,000. His followers remained unsubdued in their mountains stronghold and, even after Dagohoy's death, continued to defy Spanish power
Kataas-taasan, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng̃ mg̃á Anak ng̃ Bayan (KKK) or Katipunan was founded July 7, 1892. 4 years after the foundation of the KKK, "Republica Tagala" was established on August 24, 1896 "until his tragic death of Gat Andres Bonifacio on May 10, 1897.
On the same day as the execution of the Bonifacio brothers, the Spanish army launched an attack which forced insurgent forces under Aguinaldo into a general retreat. On 24 June 1897 Aguinaldo arrived at Biak-na-Bato in San Miguel, Bulacan, and established a permanent headquarters there, located in Biak-na-Bato National Park in what is now known as Aguinaldo Cave.
In late October 1897, Aguinaldo convened an assembly of generals at Biak-na Bato, where it was decided to establish a constitutional republic "Biak na Bato Presidency". A constitution patterned closely after the Cuban Constitution was drawn up by Isabelo Artacho and Felix Ferrer. The constitution provided for the creation of a Supreme Council composed of a president, a vice president, a Secretary of War, and a Secretary of the Treasury. Aguinaldo was named president of Biak na Bato.
Brief Histories of Dagohoy, Bonifacio and Aguinaldo
Francisco Dagohoy, (born Francisco Sendrijas) was a Boholano who holds the distinction of having led the longest revolt in Philippine history, the Dagohoy Rebellion. This rebellion against the Spanish colonial government took place in the island of Bohol from 1744 to 1828, roughly 85 years.
Little is known of Francisco Dagohoy's lifestyle before the rebellion, or even his early life. The only information known about Francisco Dagohoy was born as Francisco Sendrijas, born in 1724. His Father was a Boholano while his mother was a Cebuano Indian. Dagohoy was a native of Brgy. Cambitoon, Inabanga, Bohol. He was also a cabeza de barangay, or one of the barangay captains of the town.
The name Dagohoy is a concatenation of the Visayan phrase, Dagon sa huyuhoy or talisman of the breeze in English
Gat Andres Bonifacio was the son of Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro in Tondo, Manila, and he was the eldest of five children. His siblings were Ciriaco, Procopio, Troadio, Esperidiona and Maxima. His father was a tailor who served as a teniente mayor of Tondo, Manila, while his mother was a mestiza born of a Spanish father and a Filipino-Chinese mother who worked at a cigarette factory.
Emilio Aguinaldo was born on 24 March 1869 in Cavite Viejo (present-day Kawit), Cavite, to Carlos Aguinaldo and Trinidad Famy, a Chinese mestizo couple who had eight children, the seventh of whom was Emilio. The Aguinaldo family was quite well-to-do, as Carlos Aguinaldo was the community's appointed gobernadorcillo (municipal governor)
Emilio became the Cabeza de Barangay of Binakayan, a chief barrio of Cavite del Viejo, when he was only 17 years old.
In 1895 a law that called for the reorganization of local governments was enacted. At the age of 26 Aguinaldo became Cavite Viejo's first capitan municipal.
Andres Bonifacio: The Philippines' first president?
Andres Bonifacio, considered the father of the Philippine revolution against Spain, may soon find his "rightful place" in the country's history after all.
Calls to rewrite the history of the Philippine revolution intensified during the commemoration of Bonifacio's 150th birth anniversary.
While he is recognized for his contribution to the Philippine revolution, his supporters, who have long seen him as underappreciated, stressed that Bonifacio may have had another role in Philippine history.
First Philippine president?
On Tuesday, the Manila City government passed a resolution urging President Benigno Aquino III and Congress to recognize Andres Bonifacio as the first president in the Philippines.
A resolution authored by Manila councilor John Marvin "Yul Servo" Nieto, stressed that Bonifacio founded the first national government of the Philippines and served as president from August 24, 1896 "until his tragic death on May 10, 1897."
Citing original documents attested to by historians, the resolution argued "the Katipunan, under Bonifacio's leadership, ceased being a secret society and was forced to come out in the open as a revolutionary government with its own laws, bureaucratic structure and elective leadership."
The resolution said Bonifacio's presidency was also further acknowledged in contemporary Spanish publications.
"For instance, in the February 8, 1897 issue of the La Ilusraction Española y America, an article on the Philippine Revolution appeared, accompanied by a portrait of Bonifacio in a black suit and white tie, with the caption 'Andres Bonifacio/Titulado (Presidente) de la Republica Tagala,'" it added.
Councilor Nieto, in a phone interview with GMA News Online Friday evening, said it's about time the national government "corrects" history by declaring the Manila-born hero as the country's first president.
On August 24, 1896, Bonifacio convened the Kataastaasang Kapulungan (Supreme Council), declaring an armed revolution against Spain. He also established the Katipunan as a national government and held an election of officials to lead the army and the nation.
"The Katipunan was more than a secret revolutionary society; it was, withal, a Government. It was the intention of Bonifacio to have the Katipunan govern the whole Philippines after the overthrow of Spanish rule," Gregorio F. Zaide, who wrote a history of the Katipunan, was quoted in an article by historians Milagros C. Guerrero, Emmanuel N. Encarnacion, and Ramon N. Villegas.
However, at the Tejeros Convention on March 22, 1897, Emilio Aguinaldo wanted to dissolve the Katipunan and establish a revolutionary government, UP Manila professor Danilo Aragon said in "Case Unclosed: Ang Lihim ng 1897", noting that the Katipunan had to be dissolved to remove Bonifacio from his position.
Snap elections were held, and Aguinaldo was voted president. Meanwhile, Bonifacio was voted as Director of Interior.
Daniel Tirona, a member of the Magdalo faction of the Katipunan, protested Bonifacio's election, claiming he was not qualified for the job. Insulted, Bonifacio, who presided over the election, declared the assembly dissolved.
The next day, Bonifacio and other members of the Magdiwang faction created the Acta de Tejeros, a document stating they did not adopt the election results of the convention.
On May 10, 1897, Bonifacio and his brother Procopio were killed under orders from Aguinaldo, who issued a statement 50 years later saying he had authorized the death sentence as advised by members of the Council of War.
Edgardo Bonifacio, grandson of Andres Bonifacio, on Saturday also urged historians to "not ignore" the supposed correct version of history.
"Maituwid po ang kasaysayan na marahil na nawaglit sa isipan ng ating mga iskolar ng bayan, iskolar ng historya at maituwid muli ang sa palagay namin ay nararapat para kay Andres Bonifacio," he said in an interview aired on GMA News TV's "Balitanghali" after the rites marking the 150th birth anniversary of his grandfather at the Bonifacio Monument area in Caloocan City.
However, even on Philippine currency, Aguinaldo seems to have primacy over Bonifacio as the former replaced the latter on the 5-peso coin.
Since 2000, after being transferred several times to different coins, Bonifacio now shares a spot with Apolinario Mabini on the 10-peso coin.
During a press conference on Friday, deputy presidential spokesperson Abigail Valte said the matter has yet to be discussed with the President.
"We will take time, when we get to sit down with him, (and get) his thoughts on that particular matter," she said, adding that they still have to consult historians on the issue.
Meanwhile, according to a related resolution passed on Wednesday, the local government urged public and private colleges in Manila to include courses devoted to the life, works and heroism of Bonifacio in their curricula.
"All educational institutions are mandated by the Constitution to, among others, inculcate patriotism and nationalism, foster love of humanity, and promote respect for human rights and appreciation of the role of national heroes in the historical development of the country," it said –
Well, who will give credit the first Bohol Republic established by Francisco Dagohoy on December 20, 1745? - With report from GMA News
Ira Panganiban’s ‘Dear Kim Henares’ open letter for Pacquiao goes viral ( Pacquiao of ₱2.2 billion vs Lucio Tan of ₱5-billion' no garnishment)
Open Letter of former ABS-CBN correspondent Ira V. Panganiban to BIR commissioner Kim Jacinto Henares regarding the "lien" and garnishment order to the bank assets and bank accounts of Manny Pacqiuao
An open letter addressed to Bureau of Internal Revenue Commissioner Kim Henares by journalist Ira Panganiban goes viral on Facebook after it criticized the latter's cherry-picking on who to prosecute.
In his letter, Panganiban defended the boxing champ Manny Pacquiao whose banks accounts were frozen following a ₱2.2 billion tax case after his failure to report the millions of dollars in taxes he paid in the US.
His open letter was first shared in his Facebook account garnering more than 5.9k shares and more than 4.5k likes. On Twitter, the letter was tweeted repeatedly especially among local celebs.
Panganiban, who was a former ABS-CBN correspondent and now a newscaster for Inquirer Radio, also questioned why BIR is not keen on looking at Lucio Tan "who owes the country more than ₱5-billion pesos in tax."
Check new Jobs posts in PilipinasMall.com Jobs Board
Here's the full letter:
Dear Kim Henares,
I do not doubt your sincerity to collect taxes from every Filipino, living or dead.
I do not even doubt your integrity in making sure that you are able to collect the proper taxes from everyone.
I am however questioning your motives and arbitrary choice in the personalities you choose to prosecute.
I am going to cite one particular person who has been on the BIR's radar as a perennial tax evader for the last 20-years with cases going in and out of court.
His name is Lucio Tan and he owes the country more than ₱5-billion pesos in tax liabilities decided on numerous times by the Supreme Court as executory and final and yet no garnishment order was ever made until his petition reaches the SC, who would then reverse their decisions time and again.
Lucio Tan was never known for his philanthropy or good business practices. He authored the contractualization of PAL and Asia Brewery employees which was not only detrimental to Filipino Labor but also to taxes that could be collected from these workers had they been regular employees.
Lucio Tan is also accused of ill-gotten wealth from his Marcos days, and yet he continues to enjoy his money.
Congressman Manny Pacquiao's case is not even at the High Court and his earnings have already been garnished.
You have been given certified true copies of Pacman's tax payments in the US and yet you refuse to recognize this and insist on originals which I believe, but I may be mistaken, even US citizens have no access to.
And to think that Pacquiao earned his money through honest, literally blood, sweat and tears. And he is one of about ten persons who insist in keeping his money in the Philippines because he is a patriot.
He could have stashed it somewhere you cannot reach if he had things to hide, but he kept it here, so our economy can make use of it.
You cannot even freeze the money of politicians involved in the PDAF scam but you can do this to an ordinary man who managed to rise above all of you through hard work, guts, integrity and the work of his own hands.
And that is why your integrity is rapidly being eroded, because you don't seem to think anymore. You just grab the first victim that cannot fight you.
Because even if Pacquiao is a Congressman, he is not connected to the old boys club and so does not have the clout of the Tan's, Sy's, Dy's and others.
Oh, and Lucio Tan did give over 100 million to Noynoy's election kitty while Pacquiao was with the opposition.
I guess we know now the motivations don't we?
Your Boss's Boss
Share this to your friends at Kaibigan.Me (www.kaibigan.me)
China's aircraft carrier navigates 10 hours North Philippines to Palawan Territory ; Ready for any Attacks
China aircraft carrier passed north of PH – report
China's first aircraft carrier making its way towards the West Philippine Sea (South China Sea) for sea trials has passed through the Strait of Taiwan north of the Philippines.
The Liaoning, a refitted aircraft carrier built by the former Soviet Union and bought by China, took 10 hours to pass through the strait Thursday morning, according to a report from on board the ship by China's Xinhua News Agency.
The Taiwan Strait is a 180-kilometer wide stretch of water that separates mainland China from Taiwan. The Liaoning aircraft carrier passed through the strait escorted by two missile destroyers and two missile frigates, the report said.
Liaoning Captain Zhang Zheng was quoted as saying that they have kept a high degree of vigilance for foreign warships and aircraft that might approach the carrier group.
Previous sea trials of the carrier were conducted in relatively calmer waters off China's northeast coast.
The Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) said that the deployment of the carrier to the West Philippine Sea raises strains in a region that was already under much tensions from territorial disputes.
"Its deployment raises tensions and violates the declaration on the conduct of parties in the [West Philippine Sea (South China Sea)]," DFA spokesman Raul Hernandez said in a press conference last Wednesday.
"Its deployment must not be violative of international law including the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Seas (UNCLOS). Its deployment must therefore not be for other than peaceful purposes," he said.
Xinhua reported that the training exercises of the vessel from the personnel to the carrier itself had been going well.
The Philippines has filed an arbitration case against China before the international Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, Netherlands.
The case stems from China's territorial claim over the entire South China Sea including portions of the Philippine's 200-nautical mile exclusive economic zone.
Tensions between the two countries reached its peak last April 2012 when a standoff between Chinese and Philippine vessels ensued after Chinese fishermen were found poaching endemic and endangered marine species in Bajo de Masinloc (Panatag Shoal or Scarborough Shoal).
Philippine authorities that sought to apprehend the Chinese fishermen were blocked by Chinese Maritime Surveillance ships. China has since maintained control over the shoal leaving Filipino fishermen unable to fish in it.
Diplomatic protests were filed by the Philippines against China for the incident but to no avail. - INQUIRER.net
The Chinese zone covers islands claimed by Japan and Taiwan
Japan and South Korea defy China air zone rules
Japan and South Korea have both flown planes unannounced through China's newly-declared air defense zone, officials from both nations say.
Japanese aircraft had conducted routine "surveillance activity" over the East China Sea zone, the top government spokesman said.
South Korea had also conducted a flight, its defense ministry said.
China says planes transiting the zone, which covers areas claimed by Tokyo, Seoul and Taipei, must file plans.
The zone includes islands known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China which are claimed by Japan, China and Taiwan.
Japan controls the islands, which have been the focus of a bitter and long-running dispute between Japan and China.
The zone also covers a submerged rock that South Korea says forms part of its territory.
China, which established the air defense identification zone (ADIZ) on Saturday, says aircraft must report a flight plan, communicate and identify themselves. Those who do not could face "defensive emergency measures".
China's move has been condemned by the US and Japan.
America, which called the move a "destabilizing attempt to alter the status quo in the region", flew two unarmed B-52 bombers through the zone unannounced on Tuesday
'Not going to change'
Japanese officials did not specify when the flights happened, but confirmed the surveillance activity.
"Even since China has created this airspace defense zone, we have continued our surveillance activities as before in the East China Sea, including in the zone," said Japan's top government spokesman, Yoshihide Suga.
"We are not going to change this [activity] out of consideration to China," he added.
For their part, South Korea's military said one of their planes entered the zone on Tuesday.
South Korea's Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se said on Wednesday that the air zone issue had made "already tricky regional situations even more difficult to deal with".
"We've witnessed competition and conflicts among players of the region getting fiercer," he told Yonhap news agency.
On Thursday South Korea and China held talks on the zone, but failed to reach any agreement.
China defended its establishment of an air zone on Thursday, with a Defense Ministry spokesman telling state media it was "completely justified and legitimate".
US Vice-President Joe Biden is expected to express America's concerns to China when he makes a scheduled visit next week.
Mr. Biden would "convey our concerns directly and... seek clarity regarding the Chinese intentions in making this move at this time", a senior US official administration said.
Mr. Biden will also make stops in Japan and South Korea during his trip to Asia.
Meanwhile, Philippine Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario said China's air zone move in the East China Sea may have implications for territorial disputes in the South China Sea.
His comments come as China's aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, and its warship escorts headed to the South China Sea for what has been described as a training mission.
"There's this threat that China will control the air space [in the South China Sea]," Mr. Del Rosario told local media.
"It transforms an entire air zone into China's domestic air space. And that is an infringement, and compromises the safety of civil aviation," he said, adding it "also compromises the national security of affected states".
Aside from the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan also have overlapping claims with China in the South China Sea. - BBC News
Zamboanga “INVASION” that killed 200 masterminded by ex US Navy with MNLF; Arrested in Cagayan de Oro
(Zamboanga siege. Photo by philstar)
'Fake' UN agent in bloody Mindanao siege nabbed
MANILA: Authorities have announced the arrest of a "fake" United Nations representative linked to the bloody and violent three-week standoff between government forces and "rogue" elements of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) in early September in Zamboanga City in volatile Southwest Mindanao.
Chief Inspector Ariel Huesca, the regional police spokesman, reported the arrest of Daniel Xavier, a former US Navyman, inside a bus terminal in Cagayan de Oro also in Mindanao before dawn on Tuesday.
Huesca said Xavier did not resist when a composite team of policemen and soldiers served him an arrest warrant issued by a regional court in Zamboanga City.
The government has filed charges of rebellion and violations of international laws of crimes against humanity against Nur Misuari, the MNLF founding chairman, and Xavier for their alleged involvement in the Zamboanga City siege that killed more than 200 rebels, soldiers, policemen and civilians.
The standoff also displaced more than 120,000 residents most of them still crammed into temporary evacuation centers where they continued to receive relief from the government, UN agencies and other foreign groups.
According to the charge sheet, Xavier posed as a United Nations representative who allegedly promised to provide UN financial and material assistance to members of an MNLF faction loyal to Misuari in launching the attack on Zamboanga City in early September as part of Misuari's independence movement. – The Gulf Today
Court of Appeals freezes bank accounts of four ex-solons over pork scam
Pork scam suspects continue to feel the wheels of justice. The Court of Appeals has issued a freeze order covering the bank accounts of four former congressmen and six staff members of three senators who are implicated in the ₱10-billion pork barrel fund scam.
In a 43-page resolution penned by Associate Justice Manuel Barrios, the CA Former Second Division said covered by the freeze order were the bank accounts of the following:
- former APEC party-list Rep. Edgar Valdez;
- former Agusan Del Sur Rep. Rodolfo Plaza;
- former Benguet Rep. Samuel Dangwa
- former Cagayan de Oro Rep. Constantino Jaraula
Also covered were bank accounts of:
- Atty. Jessica Lucila "Gigi" Reyes, former chief of staff of Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile;
- Richard Cambe, chief of staff of Sen. Ramon "Bong" Revilla Jr;
- Ruby Tuason, a representative of Enrile and Sen. Jinggoy Estrada;
- Pauline Labayen, staff of Estrada;
- Jose Sumalpong, chief of staff of former Masbate Rep. Rizalina Seachon-Lanete; and
- Erwin Dangwa, chief of staff Dangwa.
These individuals are among the 38 individuals earlier slapped with criminal complaints at the Office of the Ombudsman in connection with the supposed misuse of ₱10 billion of Priority Development Assistance Fund (Pork Barrel).
De Lima knew about it 'weeks ago'
For her part, De Lima admitted she knew about the OSG requesting the CA to issue the freeze order "a few weeks ago." She, however, kept mum about it in the media.
"I was advised not to be announcing it kasi alam niyo na, kapag ina-announce ang pag-freeze ng mga assets, bank accounts ay baka unahan tayo nung mga iyan, nung mga may hawak ng accounts na iyan. So it's not safe at all to be disclosing those things," De Lima told reporters in Manila.
She said the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) was "closely coordinating" with the Anti-Money Laundering Council in relation to moves by the government to have assets of people involved in the fund mess frozen
Plaza, who according to the NBI had amassed P42.1 million from the scam, left the country on September 11.
Tuason left on August 26, while the Bureau of Immigration has also confirmed that Reyes left the country August 31.
The CA said the freeze order, served to the banks on Wednesday, would be in effect for three months.
The CA ordered the banks covered by the order to submit within 24 hours a return of the freeze order, to show that they have complied.
The freeze order stemmed from an earlier request to the CA made by the AMLC through the Office of the Solicitor General.
Concurring in the resolution were Associate Justices Remedios Salazar-Fernando and Normandie Pizarro.
Janet Lim-Napoles herself, the supposed mastermind of the fund scam, could not touch her bank accounts after the CA in August issued a similar freeze order against her bank and investment assets, and those of her family, employees, and supposed non-government organizations. —KG/HS, GMA News
Philippines Tax Authority Seized Million Dollar Properties of Manny Pacquiao “Lien” to lease or sell; closing evading establishments
Manny Pacquiao Forbes House. Photo from Inquirer.net
Arum blames BIR in tax mess
Philippine Internal Revenue authorities demanded that boxing great Emmanuel "Manny" D. Pacquiao pay a ₱2.2-billion tax bill or risk having assets seized, but the national hero vowed to take the fight to court.
The battle between one of the best boxers in history and the tax bureau has shocked his army of fans in the Philippines, emerging just days after a comeback win in the ring was hailed as a moment of hope amid the aftermath of a deadly typhoon.
Mr. Pacquiao disclosed that the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) wanted ₱2.2 billion for alleged unpaid taxes in 2008 and 2009, when he was at the peak of his career and one of the world's highest-earning athletes.
Mr. Pacquiao, 34, insisted he had paid his taxes in the United States, and so did not need to do so in the Philippines because the two countries have an agreement allowing their citizens to avoid double taxation.
But tax commissioner Kim S. Jacinto-Henares, who has spearheaded a high-profile campaign against tax evasion in the Philippines, stood firm yesterday, saying Mr. Pacquiao had failed for two years to provide documents proving his US payments.
"₱2.2 billion is what [Mr.]Pacquiao owes now because of surcharges and interest," Ms. Henares said on ABS-CBN television.
Ms. Henares said the tax bill may be cut if Mr. Pacquiao did provide certified documents proving he paid the US Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
"What we want is evidence that he (Mr. Pacquiao) actually paid the tax."
But she said that even if he had paid the 30% tax rate in the United States, there would still be extra charges due in the Philippines because it had a higher rate of 32%.
The tax office has frozen his bank accounts in the Philippines, which Mr. Pacquiao said had left him financially paralyzed.
Ms. Henares said the tax office could eventually take the money owed by stripping him of his assets.
She said the tax office had already placed a "lien" on a Pacquiao property, worth millions of dollars, in one of Manila's most exclusive gated communities.
A lien is a form of security which allows the tax office to take back money it is owed, via lease payments or sale of the property.
NOT A THIEF
Mr. Pacquiao went on a publicity blitz on Tuesday night, appearing on all the major domestic television networks, to insist on his innocence and brand the tax office's actions "harassment."
"I am not a criminal or a thief. I am not hiding anything. I will face my problems as they come," Mr. Pacquiao said.
Mr. Pacquiao's American promoter Robert "Bob" Arum, chief executive of Top Rank Promotions, also released a statement saying his Top Rank firm had paid the 30% taxes directly to the US Internal Revenue Service, and certified paperwork to show proof would be available "very soon."
"Filipino authorities confirmed that [Mr. Pacquiao] is not required to pay double tax," Mr. Arum said in a statement.
"If [Mr. Pacquiao] paid US taxes for fights and endorsements that occurred on US soil, he is not required to pay double taxes in the Philippines," he added.
He added that Top Rank has deposit confirmations for each payment made and that the boxing agency has done the same for all US endorsements it has facilitated on Mr. Pacquiao's behalf.
Mr. Arum, in the same statement noted, however, that BIR officials wanted certified paperwork of those transactions from the IRS rather than bank deposit confirmations.
"Top Rank submitted copies of the EFT deposit acknowledgements to the BIR as proof of payment. The BIR has received the documents but directed [Mr. Pacquiao] to obtain 'certified' documents directly from the IRS itself," he said.
"Obtaining certified copies of documents from the IRS takes time. Manny made the formal request to the IRS and we have every expectation that the necessary documents will be furnished to the BIR very soon," Mr. Arum added.
But Mr. Pacquiao's Manila lawyer told AFP yesterday that he would not give the tax office those documents, preferring instead to fight the issue in court.
"This is no longer within the jurisdiction of the BIR," lawyer Tranquil Salvador said.
"The tax case is now with the Court of Tax Appeals. We do not have to submit anything to the BIR." A court hearing has been set for Dec. 5.
Mr. Pacquiao, a former street kid who did not finish high school, has used his sporting career to launch a successful political career -- he is a second-term congressman with publicly declared ambitions of eventually becoming president.
Mr. Pacquiao, a member of the main opposition alliance to President Benigno S. C. Aquino III, hinted the case against him may be political, calling for those involved to "forget about playing politics."
At his peak Mr. Pacquiao was regarded as the best pound-for-pound fighter in the world, becoming the only man to win world titles in eight weight divisions.
He lost two fights last year, leading some to predict his career was finished.
But a convincing win over American Brandon Rios in Macau on Sunday reignited his career, sparking talk once again of a long-awaited bout against Floyd Mayweather.
BIR orders 2 Pasig firms closed
Published in Business World Online, the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) has ordered the closure of two establishments in Ortigas Center, Pasig City, after they allegedly underdeclared their income to cut back on taxes.
Events place JCM Exhibit Depot, located at Mega Plaza, ADB Avenue corner Garnet Road, as well as Baldo Construction and Development Corp., in PSEC West Tower, Exchange Road, were shuttered on Friday, the BIR said in a statement.
JCM Exhibit Depot is owned by event's organizer Carlo Naguit Martin. The BIR said the firm failed to file its income tax and value-added tax (VAT) returns for 2011, underdeclaring all of its earnings for that year, estimated at ₱57.068 million.
Baldo Construction, headed by Christopher A. Baldo, is engaged in general contracting for roads and buildings, counting among its clients the San Miguel group of companies. It allegedly underdeclared its 2011 taxable sales by more than 40%, disclosing only ₱15.413 million.
"The closures were effected after the subject taxpayers failed to comply with the requirements specified in the 48-hour Notice and the 5-day VAT Compliance Notice..." the BIR said in the statement.
The tax bureau has been shutting down establishments that violate the National Internal Revenue Code under its Oplan Kandado program. It is the main revenue collection agency of the government, accounting for some 70% of revenues.
The BIR is mandated to collect a total of ₱1.253 trillion in revenues this year. As of October, it has netted P993.54 billion. – Business World Online / AFP with Imee Charlee C. Delavin
Philippines Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) Violates and Bypass the Supreme Court’s power to Freeze Pacqiao’s Bank Accounts
WHY ME? Professional boxer and Sarangani Rep Manny Pacquiao cries foul over a Court of Tax Appeal order to freeze his bank accounts. File photo by Rappler
Manny Pacquiao says bank accounts frozen over ₱2.2-B tax evasion case
Two days after his dramatic boxing comeback in Macau, Manny Pacquiao faced a more formidable opponent at home, after his bank accounts were reportedly frozen in relation to a P2.2-billion tax case.
Saying that even thieves are better treated by the government, the boxing champion said that he will have to borrow money to help Yolanda victims. Pacquiao is expected to visit Leyte this week.
"Inihabla po ako ng BIR (Bureau of Internal Revenue) ng ₱2.2-billion tax case na wala pong basehan," Pacquiao said in a press briefing Tuesday.
"Huwag po sana akong i-single out at personalin dahil hindi po ako magnanakaw," Pacquiao added, noting he "worked hard" to earn his assets.
After returning to the Philippines with his boxing career back on the upswing after a victory over American Brandon Rios on Sunday in Macau, Pacquiao was greeted with a news report that his assets were frozen.
On Tuesday, the Manila Bulletin newspaper reported that the Court of Tax Appeals' (CTA) First Division issued the order two weeks ago, but it only became known on Monday.
According to the Manila Bulletin, the tax case stemmed from the supposed failure of Pacquiao's accountant to report in his income tax returns (ITR) the multi-million-dollar taxes collected by the US Internal Revenue Service (IRS) from his prize winnings for the years 2008 to 2009, reportedly amounting to $28 million.
What freeze order?
But in a separate interview with GMA News Online on Tuesday, Margaret Guzman, CTA clerk of court, denied that the CTA First Division – which handles the boxing icon's tax case – issued such a freeze order.
Guzman said the tax court is indeed hearing a tax evasion case against Pacquiao filed by the BIR last August 1, but has not yet issued any order to freeze the boxer's bank accounts.
The case stems from a BIR assessment that alleged the Pacquiaos had incurred "deficiency income and value-added tax" from 2008 to 2009, worth P2.2 billion.
"It wasn't the court that froze the accounts of spouses Pacquiao, contrary to the news," Guzman said, adding that the news reports were probably referring to an order issued by the BIR to the banks.
"The BIR has the power to issue warrants of garnishment separate and distinct from a court order freezing accounts," Guzman said.
She said the Pacquiaos filed a motion last October 18 to lift the said "warrants of distraint and levy, and garnishment."
Guzman said the CTA is set to resume its proceedings for the tax case on December 5, during which it would hear the counter evidence to be presented by government against Pacquiao's motion to lift the warrant of garnishment.
The CTA First Division is chaired by presiding Justice Roman del Rosario.
Thieves get away
Pacquiao said he provided information on his income to the BIR, but the bureau ignored it.
"The BIR claims I earned more than what I actually did, without any evidence to back it up. They ignored information given by Top Rank and HBO and insisted I have earned more.
My lawyers have given them all the info that they want and they still refuse to believe. I really don't know why I am being singled out," Pacquiao said.
"Hindi naman ako tumatakas. Alam nila yung ginagawa nila," Pacquiao added, implying that he felt he was a victim of politicking.
Pacquiao commented on how those engaged in corruption in government get away with their sins, while he is being persecuted.
"Nagpabugbog ako, kumita ako, kinuha ng gobyerno. Pero pag nagnakaw ka [di naman nakakasuhan.] Wala pa akong nakitang nagnakaw ng marami, pero na-garnish lahat ng pera," he said.
The solon said he is mulling over the idea of asking for help from his compatriots in the House of Representatives to issue a resolution to dismiss his case.
Revenue officials noted that Pacquiao, a Filipino citizen and congressional representative of Sarangani province, is required to declare in his ITR all his earnings.
Pacquiao's lawyers countered that the boxer did not include remittances to IRS worth around $8.4 million in his income statement due to existing treaty between the Philippines and the United States that disallows double taxation, the report noted.
The boxer added that the BIR order was "arbitrary" and its assessment unreasonable as it is greater than the boxing champ's net worth.
But the BIR argued the tax debts have become "demandable... and collectible," as Pacquiao has been ignoring a final assessment notice sent to him.
"Kasama 'yung properties ko [sa garnishment]. 'Di natin magagalaw [ang mga ito]," Pacquiao said during the press briefing.
The boxer, who was preparing to visit the typhoon-devastated city of Tacloban, said he borrowed money for the relief operations.
"Umutang po ako ng pera upang makatulong sa mga nasalanta ng bagyo dahil ginarnish ng BIR ang aking bank accounts," Pacquiao said.
"Huwag po kayong mag-alala diyan sa Tacloban. Darating at darating ako kahit mangutang ako ulit. Naghahanda pa po kami," he added.
Malacañang, meanwhile, distanced itself from the issue.
"We are a government of laws not of men. The Internal Revenue Code provides for procedures on collection so this matter is best addressed by the Court of Tax Appeals," Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO) head Herminio Coloma Jr. said during a press conference on Tuesday.
"Harassment is not in our agenda... CTA's action is in accordance with Internal Revenue Code. Citizens may avail themselves of appropriate legal remedies," the Palace official added.
Pacquaio was the 36th top tax payer in 2012, paying a toal of ₱22 million in income tax, BIR data showed. He ranked 158th for paying P6.1 million in income taxes in 2011.
In 2008, Pacquiao paid over ₱125 million in income tax, making him the top taxpayer that year.
Pacquiao's tax payments declined to some ₱7 million in 2009 and ₱9.190 million in 2010, BIR data also showed.
– with reports from Rappler.com and by Mark Merueñas/ Patricia Denise Chiu/Kimberly Jane Tan/Siegfrid O. Alegado/VS/HS, GMA News
Philippine Internal Revenue Bureau frozen bank accounts of boxing hero Pacquiao for tax evasion case
Manny Pacquiao punches Brandon Rios in their welterweight boxing bout in Macau
Philippine boxing hero Pacquiao floored in tax fight
Philippine boxing hero Manny Pacquiao said Tuesday authorities had frozen all his domestic bank accounts over allegations of unpaid taxes from lucrative fights in the United States, leaving him financially paralysed.
"This is harassment," the former eight-division world champion said in an interview on ABS-CBN television, as he disclosed for the first time a freeze order issued by the Philippines' Bureau of Internal Revenue in recent months.
The shock announcement came just two days after Pacquiao, 34, resurrected his boxing career with a unanimous point's decision over American Brandon Rios in Macau.
The victory, which Pacquiao dedicated to the victims of Super Typhoon Haiyan that claimed thousands of lives in the Philippines this month, added to his lustre among millions of ordinary Filipinos.
Pacquiao is now eyeing more lucrative fights in the United States. He is also pursuing a political career in the Philippines, where he is a second-term congressman with ambitions of eventually becoming president.
Pacquiao said the tax office took the action because it believed he had evaded paying 2.2 billion pesos ($50.2 million) in taxes on his fights in the United States in 2008 and 2009 when he was at the peak of his career and earning tens of millions of dollars.
He said he had already paid taxes on those earnings in the United States, which has a treaty with the Philippines that allows citizens of both countries to avoid double taxation.
However, he said the tax bureau had rejected the documents he provided to prove he had already paid the US Internal Revenue Service.
"I am not a criminal or a thief. I am not hiding anything. I will face my problems as they come," Pacquiao said.
"I have already paid my taxes in America. Had I not paid the correct taxes they (US authorities) would have come after me and I would not have been able to travel there."
Philippine taxman hits back
The Philippine tax bureau confirmed the local bank accounts of Pacquiao and his wife Jinkee had been frozen.
However tax commissioner Kim Henares denied any harassment, saying only two bank accounts containing a total of 1.1 million pesos were frozen.
"Don't tell me he only has 1.1 million pesos. Where is the rest of (his) money? I have no idea. It has not been garnished (seized)," she told AFP.
Only two domestic banks reported holding Pacquiao's accounts, Henares said.
She said Pacquiao had failed to submit the proper documents proving he paid taxes in the United States.
Tax officials gave Pacquiao two years to respond to their assessment but all he submitted was a letter from his US promoter Top Rank saying he had paid his taxes in the United States, according to Henares.
"This is a mere scrap of paper. Anyone can write that," she said.
Henares said she could not understand why the wealthy sports hero was bringing up the tax dispute now.
"Maybe he should hire better lawyers and accountants," she added.
The Pacquiaos have asked the Court of Tax Appeals to lift the bank freeze, but it has yet to rule on the couple's petition, according to court papers released to the media.
President Benigno Aquino's spokesman Herminio Coloma brushed off suggestions Pacquiao was being singled out for political harassment.
"We are a government of laws, not of men," Coloma told reporters.
The government has been running a campaign against high-profile tax evaders, targeting movie stars as well as businessmen who flaunt their wealth through flashy sports cars.
Pacquiao said most of his cash was kept in the Philippine bank accounts. He did not say how much had been garnished.
He said the freeze order had left him without money to pay his staff, and forced him to borrow "not less than one million pesos" to fulfil pledges to help victims of Super Typhoon Haiyan.
At his peak Pacquiao was regarded as the best pound-for-pound fighter in the world, becoming the only man to win world titles in eight weight divisions.
The former street kid who ran away from home to pursue a boxing career became one of the globe's wealthiest athletes.
But his career nosedived after suffering two losses last year, the second in a humiliating knockout to Mexican Juan Manuel Marquez that prompted questions over whether the ageing warrior should retire.
But even last year, Forbes magazine listed him as the 14th highest-paid athlete globally with an estimated $34 million in earnings. AFP News
Brandon Rios Crying, LA Pinoys dining story behind Pacquiao’s winning comeback- Typhoon Yolanda has gone
Brandon Rios crying on an interview after his hard defeat. " I could not believe it, 5 months practice, just practice, practice, and practice..... (crying) see the video link here
After the typhoon, Filipinos rally around Pacquiao's punches
Pinoy dealing with Typhoon Haiyan come together to watch national hero Manny Pacquiao fight. His victory is a morale-booster.
The ladies of the Filipino ministry of Holy Angels Roman Catholic Church discuss Typhoon Haiyan over a table strewn with grilled fish, ribs, sliced pork belly, chicken wings, chili and a massive platter of mixed rice and flour noodles called pancit.
"The typhoon hit here," says Pinky Santos, pointing to the map in gold thread on her blue polo shirt. "My family is here," she adds, moving her finger north.
For many Filipinos, it's been a somber month of sharing links to donation websites on social media and organizing aid trips to affected areas. More than 5,000 people have died in what some consider the most destructive typhoon to hit land, and Flor Ross, the night's cook, is still waiting to hear from her uncle in Tacloban City. Three of the children in the church group are considering joining aid missions.
Host Flor Ross takes her baby Mary Catherine, 2 months, from Agnes Ma, right, at a Manny Pacquiao party at Ross' Arcadia home. Pacquiao is a national hero in the Philippines, and his victory over Mexican American boxer Brandon Rios was a morale-booster for a country devastated by Typhoon Haiyan. (Liz O. Baylen, Los Angeles Times / November 23, 2013)It's hardly a time to celebrate. But it's Saturday, and Manny Pacquiao fights tonight. Filipino tradition demands a gathering.
Even in Tacloban City, where the storm hit hardest, cable operators set up TV screens inside a sports stadium to broadcast the fight to survivors. At the Arcadia home of Tom and Flor Ross, the women drape Philippines flags and cook a feast that seems far too large until about 30 people show up. They start a betting pool, with the proceeds going to typhoon survivors.
Agnes Ma begins the dinner with a prayer.
"Let us pray. God is great. Thank you for the food and Tom and Flor and this beautiful house and for hosting the fight, and help the people who have been affected by the typhoon. Give them hope ... and a victory for Manny Pacquiao."
Everyone grabs paper plates sagging with the weight of grilled meats and rice, and the church group divides into two viewing parties: adults and children. Two television screens set up in separate rooms show the pre-fight broadcasts, and the household's allegiances becomes clear.
Brandon Rios, Pacquiao's opponent, is seen warming up, and many remark on how nervous and sweaty he looks. Then HBO shows the clip of Pacquiao toppling face-first to the canvas in his fight with Juan Manuel Marquez, and there is a collective groan. Ma's son, Andrew, clad in a T-shirt from Pacquiao's gym, has to look away.
"Man, I really hate watching that," said Andrew, 23. "I cannot watch that."
Filipinos tend to take Pacquiao's victories and defeats personally, Andrew said. Last year, Mexican and Filipino friends of his gathered to watch the Marquez-Pacquiao fight. He and his Filipino friends left immediately after Marquez knocked out Pacquiao. A Mexican friend even broke up with a Filipino girlfriend that night.
Pacquiao appears on screen warming up, and Ma makes the bracelets on her hand jingle with her pointing. She leaves to find her Pacquiao jacket. Jessica Sanchez, a half-Filipino "American Idol" contestant, sings the U.S. and Filipino national anthems, and the women joke about her nails. Santos hums along. Finally, the announcer lays out the stakes for the fight: "When the dust settles, is it the end or rebirth of an era?"
That gets everyone riled up, and bellows of "Let's go!" and "C'mon, Manny!" fill the house.
When the first round begins, you can keep score by listening to Ma: staccato cries of "Ai! Ai! Ai!" and "Not in the corner, not in the corner!" when Pacquiao is getting hit, and an exultant "Ooh! Yesss, yes, do it, Manny!" when Pacquiao's punches are landing.
Both rooms explode when Pacquiao lands his first big combination. Rios has a habit of shaking his head and smirking at his opponents after they land a punch to show he is unhurt.
In the sixth round, Rios starts to bleed above the eye. In the seventh, announcers remark on how Pacquiao has begun to build momentum. The ninth and 10th rounds are tense. Plastic spoons freeze mid-scoop in bowls of guinataan, coconut milk soup. Plates heaped with cooling pork ribs are ignored.
Pacquiao is landing more punches and winning more rounds than his opponent, but it's becoming clear the fight won't be decided by a knockout. There is some dark muttering about the controversies surrounding recent judging decisions in boxing. The fight ends in the 12th round.
As they await the judge's decision, it is silent in the Ross home for the first time all night. The television shows Pacquiao kneeling in prayer in the corner of the ring.
Then both groups erupt in a hooting crescendo of delight. It's a unanimous decision for Pacquiao.
"He's back, yes! I can bring out my Pacquiao gear again," Andrew Ma says. "Though it would have been good to get a knockout, for the typhoon victims."
Agnes Ma heaves a sigh of relief.
"Thank God," she says. "Thank God he won again."
Wala lang share ko lang ang Kaibigan.Me (www.Kaibigan.me)
The younger viewers take out their phones and make Instagram pictures of Pacquiao's victory speech. Everyone heads to the dining room to eat more. Their laughter is a little louder. They go for seconds on dessert. Ma and a few of the women break into Filipino Christmas carols, rolling with laughter. She counts the money they raised: $107. It's not much, but it's a start, she says.
"We're back, baby," Ma says. "Manny is always our Filipino hope." – LA Times
Japanophobia is fading.. Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) opens new chapter in relations between Philippines and Japan
Japanese officers disembark a helicopter at Tacloban in the Philippines. Photograph: EPA/Rolex Dela Pena
If the Philippines is as rich as South Korea and Malaysia both Asian countries suffered the brutal killings and abuses of Japan during the WWII in Asia, would the Philippines welcome the 1,000 Japanese Forces to step the island to help Typhoon Yolanda Victims?
The History 70 years past
Fear of Japanese People and heart to the land of the rising sun
Japanophobia or fear of Japanese people is still fresh for many of the Filipinos who suffered severe abuses from Japanese Military forces during the WWII but it is fading like a sunset for the new generations as many of the Filipinos clinging even to the sharp edge (Kapit sa patalim) to survive from the severe hardship of life in the Philippines' rotten government system, corruption, jobless, poverty, hunger, and etc.
For the older people, Japanese are dangerous, killer, rapist but for the young generation, Japanese people are a golden key for them to see the land of the rising sun where opportunities are abundant for their better future.
While the young generation in the Philippines embraced Japan as their source of life, provider for their needs and hard earned dollars as entertainers, prostitute and club dancers or "Japayoki"; elders who suffered abuses from Japanese Military packed the sufferings and trauma with their entire life and live with fear just even to hear the word Japanese or "Hapon" in local term.
"Manang Milania" a Visayan origin migrated to Mindanao Island and settled in Barangay Ramon Magsaysay (Tugop) municipality of Salug in Zamboanga del Norte live with trauma in her entire life from her ordeal of unforgettable traumatic experience from the arms of Japanese soldiers who raped her many times and killed her entire family in her front witnessing the bloody massacre of her family with her younger brother thrown up and skewered by a sword leaving the painful last word "manang tabang….." while the blood flowing out from the body of her little brother, then ended his breath .
"anhing" "Manang Milania" is just among the victims with long untold stories about her sufferings from Japanese Soldiers; she didn't able to move on but live with fear in her entire life and even to hear any sound of trucks even in the middle of the night, for her the Japanese is coming and she will run away from home and keep doing it until she passed away last 2006. ("anhing" is a local term used to respect the name of the dead; a traditional and cultural belief that the grave will crack and the ghost will return and annoy you if you will not respect their names by calling "anhing before saying their name)
Like the other women who suffered from the Japanese soldiers; "anhing" "Manang Milania" is not alone suffering the trauma till her death but still many other women who tried to wake up even from the brink of their death when people tried to say "hala na'y Hapon" (Oh! There are Japanese). We have witnessed several women that carried their sufferings till their last breathe with tears and signed a hand to cover their head when they hear the word "Japanese" or "Hapon".
While the Philippines open the arms for friendship to Japan, rich countries who are also victims of Japanese abuses like South Korea, China and Malaysia still skeptical if Japan could be really trusted.
Among other Asian countries who suffered severe abuses from Japan; Philippines the only country who is remained poor and did not awaken how important are good economy, well equipped Military, modern technology and Research and developments to repel act of any invasion. Unlike China, South Korea and Malaysia who are now well equipped in their Military and with better economic success stories, the Philippines is alone moving backward.
If the Philippines during the Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) that flattened Visayas region is already a rich country like South Korea and Malaysia, do you think Philippines will welcome Japanese Military?
The Manila massacre refers to the February 1945 atrocities conducted against Filipino civilians in Manila, Philippines by Japanese troops in the Battle of Manila during World War II.
To preserve as large a force as possible to continue defensive operations in rural Luzon, Imperial Japanese Army General Tomoyuki Yamashita had insisted on a complete withdrawal of Japanese troops from Manila. However, this was not realized because of objections from Imperial headquarters. 10,000 marines under Vice Admiral Iwabuchi Sanji remained in Manila along with some IJA stragglers
Various credible Western and Eastern sources agree that the death toll was at least 100,000, tallying to around 10% of the population of the city. The massacre was at its worst in the Battle of Manila, in which the Allies shelled the city of Manila to drive out the Japanese. In this shelling, the city of Manila was totally destroyed. By the time the Japanese were driven out, the city was in ruins, becoming the second most severely damaged Allied capital city during the war, the first being Warsaw in Poland. It is said that during lulls in the battle for control of the city, Japanese troops took out their anger and frustration on the civilians caught in the crossfire. The total of 100,000 deaths was counted after the battle, but the actual cause of their death is not known.
The Manila massacre was said to be one of several major war crimes committed by the Imperial Japanese Army, as judged by the postwar military tribunal. Although General Yamashita didn't recognize any massacres, he was nonetheless judged to be responsible and executed. The Yamashita standard — regarding a commander's responsibility for action taken by anyone under his command — is based upon his trial.
Jintaro Ishida knows his country's guilty secrets. Like few other Japanese, he knows in detail about the atrocities of World War II, and he knows of the quiet torment of the aging veterans who took part.
He knows, for example, about the massacre at the well in the Philippine village of Lipa, where 400 people were thrown to their deaths. The blood lust of the soldiers ran so high, he says, that one of them smashed a rock onto the head of a woman who was combing her hair.
Mr. Ishida, 79, who served in the navy during the war, is tortured by the scenes, as if he himself had taken part. He rises in agitation as he describes them, waving his arms as if combing his hair, then whipping them downward like a crazed soldier flinging a stone.
Mr. Ishida is one of a small corps of researchers who are swimming against the tide of ignorance in Japan. A former newspaper reporter named Katsuichi Honda has published research about war crimes in China. A professor named Aiko Utsumi has researched war crimes committed in Indonesia.
Like many other Japanese, Mr. Ishida said, he had been ignorant of the dark side of his country's history -- of the massacres, sexual slavery, forced labor and the use of chemical and biological warfare.
After he retired in 1988, he decided to travel through Asia spreading the word about the horrors of the two atomic bombs dropped by the United States at Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of the war. Instead of sympathy, he said, he sometimes found hostility.
''I was shocked to discover that the bombs were dropped to stop Japan,'' he said. ''I had thought that people around the world would understand the misery caused by the atomic bombs, but I realized that this idea was a very selfish one.''
He began reading wartime accounts, searching through the records of war crimes trials and systematically visiting the sites of massacres. Wherever he went, he said, the survivors had one question: How could the Japanese have been so cruel?
The result is an extraordinary work of parallel reporting, a book called ''The Remains of War: Apology and Forgiveness,'' published this year in English by Megabooks Company in the Philippines.
Its Japanese title is ''The Killers and the Killed.'' Like his earlier book, ''Walang Hiya,'' which in the Philippine language of Tagalog means ''Without Shame,'' it offered the first opportunity for Japanese to hear the stories of the victims.
''I really appreciate his work,'' said Mayumi Horita, 27, a Japanese teacher who served as his interpreter here. ''I feel disappointed that most Japanese don't know about him. Japanese should learn that if they tell the truth they will feel relieved. But they are afraid they will suffer more if they do.''
Indeed, that seems to have been true of many of the veterans Mr. Ishida talked to.
One old soldier, he said, told of taking part in a massacre at a village south of Manila called Calamba where 2,000 people were killed on Feb. 12, 1945.
The massacre at the well began on Feb. 27, 1945. A Japanese military unit ran wild in the village of Lipa, killing a total of more than 1,000 people.
''In the beginning, we could not kill even a man,'' says one of the soldiers at Lipa who is quoted in Mr. Ishida's new book. ''But we managed to kill him.
''Then we hesitated to kill a woman. But we managed to kill her, too. Then we could kill children. We came to think as if we were just killing insects.''
Today, Mr. Ishida seems stunned by what he has learned about his comrades and about human nature. ''These stories were beyond anything I had expected,'' he said. ''How could they have done this? Did they have no conscience?''
After a decade of research he has compiled a wealth of historical material. But he has been left with more questions than ever.
Typhoon opens new chapter in relations between Philippines and Japan
A small but not insignificant moment in history took place at the Philippine air force base adjoining Cebu airport on Cebu Island in the central Philippines after the typhoon Yolanda pounded the region.
Shortly before lunch, the door to the incident command post was opened by a Philippines military policeman who ushered in naval officer Lieut. Cdr. K Suzuki of the Japanese defense forces. Suzuki thereby became the first Japanese military officer to engage with his Philippine counterparts since his country's former imperial army was defeated there in June 1945, the redoubtable US general Douglas MacArthur having returned the previous October as he had promised when leaving in March 1942.
Unlike the charismatic US general, the Japanese did not return following their December 1941 bombing and invasion of the Philippines in the wake of their attack on Pearl Harbor.
While the name of MacArthur remains familiar in the central Philippines where he is revered, with several villages and areas named after him, no Japanese military has been back, at least on official duty, since the end of the second World War.
The notion of the Japanese military working in partnership with the Philippine military, and of being welcomed in such a role, would have been unthinkable – until last Friday.
The Japanese invasion, occupation and temporary rule in Leyte and Samar provinces in the central Philippines, where typhoon Haiyan, or Yolanda as it is known here, did its worst, does not bring back happy memories. Occupying soldiers conducted themselves in the brutish manner that attended their war behavior across Asia.
"We were hiding in holes dug under the floor of our homes," Eulalia Macaya (74) told the Philippine Daily Inquirer. "The Japanese soldiers were patrolling but we couldn't see much of them. We could only see their boots. We were so afraid."
Beatrice Bisquera (91) recalled hiding in the mountains, something not possible now, she suggested, since the typhoon had stripped the hills: "Now there's nowhere to hide."
When he entered the incident command post room, Suzuki had the weight of such history on his shoulders. After the door was closed, he doubtless bowed to his new colleagues in the traditional manner, laying that history to rest and opening a new chapter. Underscoring the significance of the moment, Suzuki was accompanied by two Japanese diplomats: Gsugomu Nakagawa, minister at the Japanese embassy in Manila, and Shoji Otake, Japan's consul in Cebu.
Since the typhoon struck, key figures in the multinational civil and military disaster relief operation have sat at a dining room table in the incident command post, discussing and planning how to get help to the victims of Yolanda. The walls are covered in large-scale maps showing the areas of destruction and where help is needed.
China, India, Brazil and South Africa refused cut their carbon emissions; Philippines suffered disastrous effects
Protesters at the UN's 19th climate change conference in Warsaw. Greenpeace said the outcome meant increased civil disobedience against new coal plants and oil rigs would be needed to prevent catastrophic climate change. Photograph: Kacper Pempel/Reuters Kacper Pempel.
Compromise climate deal reached in Warsaw but critics brand it inadequate
Countries to indicate their 'contributions' to cutting emissions in early 2015
The UN's 19th climate change conference in Warsaw narrowly avoided collapse at the weekend after marathon talks produced a compromise deal that optimists believe is "just enough" to pave the way for an international agreement in Paris in two years' time.
Amid scenes of high drama at plenary sessions, two-hour "huddles" involving key players and deep divisions between rich and poor nations, bleary-eyed delegates from more than 190 countries who had been negotiating through the night finally agreed to move the process forward.
Although nobody was entirely satisfied with the outcome, it was agreed that all countries would indicate what "contributions" they would make to cut greenhouse gas emissions in advance of the Paris conference, so the adequacy of their efforts could be examined by others.
Both the EU and the US pressed for a firm timetable for countries to "place their cards on the table" in order to avoid a repetition in Paris of the chaotic Copenhagen summit in 2009, which was attended by more than 120 heads of state or government – many of them ill-prepared.
The Warsaw meeting also agreed to establish a "loss and damage mechanism" to help poorer countries cope with the consequences of global warming, as well as provide "increasing levels" of aid for adaptation and a set of rules to reduce deforestation and degradation of tropical rainforests.
Hahanapin kita kasama ang mga kaibigan mo sa "Kaibigan.Me" (www.Kaibigan.me )
At the Copenhagen summit, developed countries pledged to provide climate aid of $100 billion per year after 2020 – 10 times the amount given annually from 2010 to 2012 – but in Warsaw they were not prepared to set an intermediate target showing how this could be achieved.
"We have seen essential progress. But let us again be clear that we are witnessing ever more frequent extreme weather events, and the poor and vulnerable are already paying the price," said UN climate chief Christiana Figueres. "Now governments . . . must go back to do their homework."
European commissioner for climate action Connie Hedegaard said the Warsaw conference, which ran for two weeks, showed "how challenging the way to an ambitious result in Paris will be". "But the last hours also showed that we are capable of moving forward."
One of the sticking points was a renewed insistence by China, India, Brazil and South Africa that only developed countries would have to make commitments to cut their emissions – a position described as "astonishing" by US climate envoy Todd Stern.
The EU also insisted that "all countries must contribute to the future reduction efforts", not just those subscribing to the UN's Kyoto Protocol, which now account for only 15 per cent of global emissions. The eventual compromise was to substitute "contributions" for "commitments" in the draft text.
Referring to the requirement for all countries to table their contributions well in advance of the Paris conference, if possible by early 2015, Danish environment minister Martin Lidegaard commented: "If we don't do our homework before we meet, then we won't get an agreement when we meet."
Jennifer Morgan, director of the Washington-based World Resources Institute's climate and energy programme, said: "Country representatives now need to return home to make significant progress on their work-plans and national offers that can become the backbone of a new climate agreement."
But Lord Nicholas Stern, author of the British government's seminal 2006 report on the economics of climate change, said the outcome in Warsaw was "simply inadequate" when compared to the scale and urgency of the risks associated with a failure to curb the growth in emissions – now at record levels.
Alden Meyer, veteran observer from the Union of Concerned Scientists, said: "There are some very difficult political issues that will need to be addressed over the next two years if we are going to have a successful outcome."
Jean-Pascal van Ypersele, vice-chair of the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, expressed the hope that Warsaw would not be portrayed as a complete failure "even if, as often, the slow speed of these negotiations is very frustrating, as seen from a climate scientist perspective".
But Martin Kaiser, head of the Greenpeace delegation, which was among those who walked out of the conference last Thursday, said the outcome "sends a clear signal that increased civil disobedience against new coal plants and oil rigs is needed to prevent catastrophic climate change".
Warsaw deal main points:
Countries agreed to announce plans for curbing greenhouse gas emissions "well in advance" of the crucial summit in Paris in December 2015 and "by the first quarter of 2015 for those in a position to do so".
Despite a 2009 promise of $100 billion per year in climate aid for poor countries from 2020, no mid-term target was set. The text merely urges developed countries to provide "increasing levels" of aid.
Loss and damage
The conference agreed a new "Warsaw International Mechanism" to provide expertise, and possibly aid, to help developing nations cope with losses from extreme events related to climate change.
Agreement was reached on REDD+, a framework to tackle deforestation in tropical countries, with the new Green Climate Fund playing a key role in channeling finance for projects to protect rainforests.
Philippines vulnerable to climate change, consul general says
Typhoon survivors seek refuge inside Redemptorist Church in Tacloban on Wednesday, Nov. 20, in Leyte province, central Philippines. (Bullit Marquez/Associated Press)
Speaks of 'extraordinary' typhoon, nation's struggle to become industrialized economy
The consul general for the Philippines in Toronto says her country's economy, devastated by Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan), has long been held back by the many tropical storms that come ashore every year.
Sell your products online free at "Philippines Online Shopping Mall" (www.PilipinasMall.com)
Analysts describe the Philippine economy as newly industrialized, as it transitions from one based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing.
But in a CBC interview with Mary Wiens for Metro Morning, Consul General Junever Mahilum-West said it's still a developing country and vulnerable to extreme weather because of geography and climate change.
"No one has accounted for the total destruction or loss of life we've experienced through typhoons," she said. "Without these natural disasters, we would be an industrial economy by now; we are an outward-looking economy, but what I'm saying is that we are in a very vulnerable part of the world, and one of the most vulnerable to climate change."
The typhoon that struck on Nov. 8 was "extraordinary" even for Filipinos, who are used to these storms, she said. "We had plans, but they were swept away."
Close to 20 tropical cyclones or strong storms pound the Philippines in a typical year, with up to half of these making landfalls.
The United Nations estimates Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) has affected about 11 million people in 41 provinces. It was one of the most powerful recorded typhoons to hit land, killing about 4,000 people and leaving four million homeless.
A Philippine official launched a hunger strike last week to pressure a UN climate change conference to come up with concrete steps to fight global warming.
Naderev Sano, a member of the Philippine Climate Change Commission, told the Washington Times he was fasting "in solidarity with my countrymen who are now struggling for food back home" — including his own brother, whom Sano said "has been gathering bodies of the dead with his own two hands."
Junever Mahilum-West, responding to criticism that the Philippine national government has been slow to react to the disaster, said it has been difficult to get aid to victims and that first responders were themselves victims.
"We have to treat this as a new normal and look at quickness of response and who will respond in case first responders are victimized."
She said you also have to consider that some people are living on spillways, the areas where water tends to go. Those are hazardous areas, but because Filipinos are exposed to so many disasters, they won't leave, she said.
CNN to investigate "EPAL"ation" of VP Binay from foreign aids printing his name; Philippine media and government ignored it
Netizens Photo compared "EPAL 'ation" of Philippine Vice President Jejomar Binay compared to the Heartily help from Davao City through Mayor Rudy Duterte
Philippine honorable vice President Jejomar Binay garnered dishonor for hi famous infamous act for printing his name to the relief goods from government fund distributed to the victims during the earthquake hit Bohol Province last October 15, 2013.
Not proven with more concrete evidence as photos could be edited or photoshop, the issue dragged to the most disastrous typhoon Yolanda when netizens cried foul accusing VP Binay for printing his name to the relief goods aid from Germany.
Netizens cried foul for the Bureau of Customs (BOC) holding the relief goods from Germany and demanding taxes for its entry but later then allowed after being lambasted by the pool of netizens criticizing BOC and the Aquino government.
The Custom's stoppage for the relief goods from Germany for taxation chained to an accusation that Binay printed his names to those relief goods and photos were submitted to the CNN that collects hundreds of thousands views and criticisms.
Binay's EPAL"ation" would violate the Article 9 section 1 of the "Anti Epal bill" and if proven guilty would be punishable to not less than 6 months - 1 year imprisonment and perpetual disqualification from public office (Section 8 penalties and violations)
Read and download Anti-Epal Bill from this link
Are Philippine politicians using typhoon aid to their advantage?
(CNN) -- As money pours in to help the victims of Super Typhoon "Yolanda" (Haiyan), some Filipinos claim that politicians are trying to use the tragedy to win votes.
Six submissions with photographs showing relief trucks and aid bearing the names of local and national politicians have cropped up on CNN iReport. Together, these reports have been viewed more than 1.5 million times since they were uploaded in the past week.
While difficult to verify, the pictures show tarpaulins, bags, canisters, flip-flops and even bags of ramen noodles bearing the logos, names and photos of three politicians and the wife of one politician.
Local media haven't covered this issue much, but Filipinos have a word for it: "epal," Tagalog for someone butting in where not needed. It could also describe the act of politicians grandstanding for political gain during a disaster.
The debate over this has ballooned online among Filipinos and the diaspora. As these images have garnered so much attention, we wanted to clarify what we know about them and what we have left to decipher.
The iReport submissions have been shared widely on social media. In a matter of a week, one report had received more than 900,000 page views, and another had more than 500,000 views. The bulk of the traffic -- almost 90% -- is coming from people posting the links on Facebook, and the magnitude is unprecedented for iReport, according to CNN data.
Described as one of the worst storms ever to make landfall, Super Typhoon "Yolanda" (Haiyan) killed more than 5,000 people and caused catastrophic damage to many parts of the Philippines as it plowed across the country on November 8.
Panoramic photo shows "Yolanda" (Haiyan) devastation
Rescue and relief operations have proved daunting, with an estimated 4 million left displaced.
(Photo fro Facebook)
How to help Typhoon "Yolanda" (Haiyan) survivors
Patrick Fuller, a spokesman for the International Federation of the Red Cross, said he had seen some evidence that politicians were getting involved in the delivery of aid.
"I've seen vans or small pickup trucks distributing small-scale aid with a politician's face on the side," he said from the hard-hit city of Tacloban.
"We don't need or want to see the politicization of aid. We want the aid to go where it is needed most."
See the files for "EPAL" photos and Ati-Epal Law here
However, he added that first responders like the ones he witnessed shouldn't be dismissed out of hand. "You've got to remember, they are bringing in relief that is needed, and that keeps people going until the more sustained effort picks up.
"It doesn't obstruct us, but we do need to ensure that relief is well-coordinated with local, regional and national authorities. We don't want to load up a truck with supplies for 1,000 families and find that someone else has come in this morning."
One of three politicians coming under fire is Philippine Vice President Jejomar Binay. Photos posted on iReport show Binay's face on a tarp on the back of a truck and the vice president's logo on blue drawstring bags of relief goods.
However, Joey Salgado, a spokesman for Binay, said the photos with blue relief bags and a truck bearing the vice presidential seal were taken in 2011 and 2012, respectively.
"The photos are currently being recirculated online to make them appear they were intended for the victims of Typhoon Yolanda," he said Wednesday, using the storm's name in the Philippines.
Salgado said the relief bags distributed by his office for "Yolanda" (Haiyan)'s victims were packed in plain white plastic bags, not blue ones like in the photos. The vice presidential office stopped using the tarpaulins with Binay's image more than a year ago, he said.
However, a collection of photos submitted to iReport does show white plastic bags bearing Binay's name and logo.
"This is how some of the Philippine government officials will behave when there's calamity," a Filipino expat from Dubai named Rogel Tura wrote on CNN iReport. The Cebu, Philippines, native shared a series of photos that have circulated widely online.
"They take advantages of 'helping' by putting their names on the relief goods. It's a very strategic way in putting their name on the donations or any forms of assistance to advertise their name for the next election."
However, Salgado explained that these labeled relief bags came from a local partner in Iloilo.
"These bags were donated by a supporter of the vice president from Iloilo and did not come from the Office of the Vice President," he said. "Relief goods repacked by OVP staff at the vice president's office were placed in plain white plastic bags. Relief goods from the VP's supporter were bundled with those from the OVP and were distributed in Iloilo.
"It was the initiative of our local partners to put the stickers on the bags," Salgado said of these photos, which were taken during Binay's visit to Iloilo on November 13. "Since the stickers were placed without the authorization of the OVP, they were ordered removed."
Most humanitarian organizations label their aid, according to the World Food Programme.
"This is a time-honored practice in humanitarian aid to help draw recognition to those countries providing assistance," said Steve Taravella, senior spokesman for the WFP, based in Washington.
"In virtually every emergency, you'll see bags of rice or boxes of cooking oil marked clearly with the name of the country that provided that donation," he said.
However, Taravella said, in his experience globally, he had not seen aid labeled with the names or photos of politicians.
While the motives behind the labeled aid are unclear, the perception that politicians may be misusing the relief effort for political gain has left a bad taste in some people's mouths.
""Yolanda" (Haiyan) victims are dying and suffering for hunger. I can't just watch and do nothing," Tura wrote. "This is my way of helping, telling my fellow Filipinos to wake-up and don't be lured with money and sweet promises during elections."- CNN
Typhoon Yolanda unveiled Weak Philippine Military with bikes to deliver aid; Corruption and doubled price equipment purchased from Korea seen
Soldiers and residents unloaded food aid from a United States Navy helicopter in Hernani, the Philippines
Philippine army during the recent years purchased hundreds of military trucks and service vehicles from Kia Motors Korea to replace the aging military trucks but seen to be doubled price from the Military inventory.
An insider who has access to the inventories for Philippine Army trucks and vehicles is doubtful for the prices reflected in each unit as seen to be doubled from the actual price released by Kia Motors.
"Sir kung hindi doble ang presyo ng pag bili natin ayon sa ating inventory, seguro doble o triple pa ang dami ating mga trucks ngayon. Nai compare ko ang price mula sa kaibigan kung sundalo rin sa ibang bansa na humingi ng Quotation sa Korea at ibinigay sa akin ang complete list. Doon ko nakita na ang presyo ng pag bili natin ay doble kumpara sa totoong presyo ng pag binta ng Kia Motors. Sa totoo lang kulang talaga ang mga trucks natin, marami pang mga remote camps ang nag tityaga nalang sa pinaglumaan, at halos hindi na magagamit na mga trucks. Limited din kasi ang budget para sa PA kaya tiis nalang muna kung anong meron" an insider said.
Sa totoo lang kailangan ko ng bagong Kaibigan, saan kaya pwede? Madali yan dude tambay ka lang sa www.kaibigan.me
(Sir, if the price of our purchased military trucks from Kia Motors Korea is not doubled or even tripled; maybe we could have so many trucks now. I have compared it to the price list from a soldier friend in the other country who asked for quotation from Kia Motors Korea and he forwarded me the price list and I found out that our price is doubled. The fact is we are in short of Military trucks. We have so many remote camps that are in need of but we don't have enough and they are just trying to use anything available which are already old and fully depreciated as long as it could still run for a short miles. We also have a limited budget for the PA so we will just use anything available for the moment.)
Kia Motors has specialized in the production of military vehicles with variants and other transportation equipment and by supplying them as a sole maker of military vehicles designated by the South Korean Government since 1976 and now producing several trucks for the Military use; KM42 series, KM45 Series, KM25 Series, KM50 Series, KM100 Series, and BV Series. (Kia Motors Quotation request Website)
KIA Motors Defense produces six type/series of Military vehicles:
KM42 Series (alternately K 131) quarter ton Utility Vehicle
KM-45 Series half ton to three quarter ton modern variant of the M715
KM-25 Series variant of the M35 2-1/2 ton cargo truck
KM-50 Series variant of the M809 Truck both as 5 ton and 7 ton variants
KM-100 Series 8×8 heavy tactical truck
K53 Series similar to the Swedish BV amphibious tracked vehicle
Watch the video for the recent purchased of the Philippines army here in this link http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6EFt6WZ93Y
Typhoon Response Highlights Weaknesses in Philippine Military
As American cargo planes and military helicopters zipped across the sky above this decimated city, ferrying badly needed supplies to typhoon survivors, Philippine soldiers were working with what little they had — relying on motorcycles and boats to ferry messages between the army's provincial headquarters and stricken municipalities along the eastern coast of Samar, some of them more than a hundred miles away.
In an acknowledgment of the army's lack of sophisticated equipment, a spokesman said on Monday, "The courier system is our means of communications."
The destructive fury of Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) quickly laid bare the limitations of the Philippine government's disaster preparation and relief capabilities, but increasingly, it is also focusing an unflattering spotlight on the nation's military — an overstretched, poorly funded force that has been criticized for its late arrival to the disaster zone.
Wala na final na 'to ibinta ko nalang to online mabuti nalang libre kung maibenta sa www.PilipinasMall.com
Officials have attributed the delay in part to a shortage of large troop carriers. But even when several thousand soldiers were finally able to fan out across the devastated islands of Samar and Leyte, their work was, and continues to be, hampered by a lack of provisions including food, heavy equipment and communications technology needed when cellphone service is down.
In addition to clearing roads, transporting relief supplies and evacuating the wounded, the military is responsible for helping the Philippine National Police maintain security during natural disasters.
Here in Guiuan, one of the largest cities affected by Yolanda (Haiyan), military personnel have been left to fend for themselves, procuring meals from local residents who cook amid the rubble of their homes while the soldiers await orders that sometimes never arrive. Some of the same problems have plagued the Coast Guard. When asked why they had spent the past four days sitting in the mayor's storm-battered offices, two Coast Guard sailors on Monday shrugged and pointed to their useless cellphones.
"We're waiting for instructions," one of them, Cliff Turallo, said with apparent embarrassment.
Analysts say the aftermath of the typhoon is a particularly jarring reminder of how badly Philippine forces have fared since the American military withdrew in the early 1990s, after negotiations over a new treaty faltered amid a passionate debate over national sovereignty. In a poor country struggling to overcome a culture of graft that has starved government budgets for years, Filipino leaders have consistently directed resources toward other priorities — in part, analysts say, because they still view the United States, a strong ally, as a safety net. The military budget itself has been pilfered by corrupt government officials under previous administrations.
Now that the typhoon has exposed these weaknesses, analysts expect renewed debate about whether the Philippines should allow the United States to do what it has been asking to do: cycle more American troops through the country as part of the Obama administration's attempt to act as a counterweight to China.
Basta Bisaya, ambungan ug maanyag. Bisaya ba ka? Apil sa www.higala.me
With its own conflict looming — China is challenging Philippine claims to some strategic maritime territories — the Philippines has also begun to try to build its own resources. But for the moment, the country has little of the advanced equipment that can be used in rescue and recovery efforts as well as in conflict.
Instead, Philippine forces have had to make do with increasingly obsolete hand-me-downs. A lack of parts has mothballed much of the nation's fleet of a dozen C-130 cargo planes, the workhorses of many relief operations worldwide. The military said it had only three functioning transport aircraft to deliver troops and supplies in the days after Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan); some soldiers said there were just two. Similar problems have grounded 28 of the Air Force's 44 Huey helicopters, according to IHS Jane's Defense Weekly.
Although it has ordered 12 fighter jets from South Korea, the Philippine Air Force currently has no fighter planes, and the navy relies on a handful of aged American surplus vessels. With report from New York Times